1930 - 1949Rise of Modern Art Movements
Prorelatian art exhibition in Korea
The 1st Proletarian Art Exhibition (Mar. 29–30, Auditorium of Hwaseong Academy, Suwon),
organized by the Suwon Branch of KAPF (Korea Artista Proleta Federacio, Federation of Korean Proletarian Artists) with Cheong Habo. The 70 out of 140 works are confiscated by the police. All works sent by the Japan Proletarian Artists League (PP) in support of the event are confiscated.
The first exhibiiton of Storm Society
Jielanshe (Storm Society) holds its first exhibition (Oct. 10–16 at Chinese Learning Society, Shanghai). The group holds four exhibitions until 1935. The participating artists included Pan Xunqin, Ni Yide, Guang Liang, Liang Xihong, Li Zhongsheng, and Chen Chengbo. The Manifesto of Jielanshe is published on the Oct. 11 issue of Yishu xunkan.
Chinese Independent Art Institute established
Artists who studied in Japan, including Liang Xihong, Zhao Shou, Ji Dongping, and Ceng Wu, found Chinese Independent Art Institute (later Association), and pursue the Surrealism and Fauvism. The group holds the Exhibition of Ten Chinese Artists in Japan in Tokyo. They hold the first exhibition at the People’s Education Hall, Guangzhou, in March and at Shanghai Chinese Learning Society in Oct. 1935.
Large woodcut exhibition by Modern Prints Society
Modern Prints Society organizes The Second Semiannual Exhibition (Jun. 15–25, Guangzhou Department of Chinese Books and Provincial People’s Education Hall). More than 800 items, of which 286 are works by member artists, are exhibited. The genres vary from Chinese modern and traditional woodcuts, folk prints, Japanese modern and traditional woodcuts, reproduction of European woodcuts, and Chinese and international publications, and woodcut-making tools.
Society of Chinese Artists established
The Salon Art Society (founded in 1935) is renamed to the Society of Chinese Artists and Tchang Ju Chie is selected for the chair while Tai In Long, Chen Puzhi, and Zhou Jinhai become members. The group consider the United Artists of Malaya to be falling into elitism.
Articles on woodcut movements in Nanyang Siang Pau
Tai In Long starts a series of “Wenmanjie (World of Literature and Cartoon)” in the Sunday edition of Nanyang Siang Pau (Nanyang Business Daily)on May 24, which continues until December 20. The series introduces woodcuts and cartoons by Singaporean artists including himself, as well as the woodcut movements in China.
Xu Beihong in India
Xu Beihong stays in Santiniketan and visits various places in India from Nov. 29 to Dec. 1940. During his stay, Xu creates his master piece, The Foolish Old Man Moves a Mountai. He paints portraits of Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi and holds his solo exhibitions at International University in Calcutta from Dec. 23 and at the Indian Society of Oriental Art in February next year. Before and after these exhibitions, he also visits Singapore.
Suzuki Shigenari teaches in Cambodia
In the late 1940s, Suzuki Shigenari begins teaching in the modern art course at the School of Cambodian Art. He teaches French-influenced Impressionistic realism until the 1950s. He also creates royal portraits. He holds his solo exhibition once a year, and King Sihanouk collects some of his paintings.
Exhibition of Japanese art in Vietnam
French Indochina Japanese Art Exhibition Tour is held at l’Association pour la Formation Intellectuelle et Morale des Annamites (AFIMA) in Hanoi. The exhibition is organized by the Society for International Cultural Relations and supported by the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts. On September 9 and 10, the preview is held at the Nihonbashi Mitsukoshi Department Store. After Hanoi, the exhibition tours to Haiphong, Hue, and Saigon (present-day Ho Chi Minh City). Fujita Tsuguharu is sent as an explainer.
Keimin Bunka Shidosho established
Japanese military founds Keimin Bunka Shidosho (Institute for People’s Education and Cultural Guidance), and its branch is opened in Bandung, Yogyakarta, and Surabaya. The New Java Life Art Exhibition is held in April and continued to the 5th exhibition in 1945. The director of Art and Craft Department is Agus Djaya, and the tutoring committee members include Kono Takashi (graphic designer), Yamamoto Tadashi (painter), and Ono Saseo (manga atist).
Exhibition of Vietnamese paintings in Japan
French Indochina Contemporary Art Exhibition is held (Jun. 2–6 at Nihonbashi Mitsukoshi Department Store, Tokyo). The exhibition is organized by the Society for International Cultural Relations and supported by the Intelligence Agency of Ministry of Greater East Asia. Artists from French Indochina, including Joseph Inguimberty, To Ngoc Van, and Luong Xuan Nhi, and students from the École des Beaux-Arts de l’Indochine, Gia Dinh Fine Arts School, and Bien Hoa Fine Arts School exhibit their works. The exhibition tours to Osaka (Jun. 23–27, Shinsaibashi Daimaru), Kobe (Jul. 13–18, Sannomiya Shrine Shin Daimaru), Kyoto (Aug. 24–29, Daimaru), and Fukuoka (Sep. 19–26, Tamaya). Prince Takamatsu, the director of the Society for International Cultural Relations, buys Nguyen Van The’s lacquer folding screen.
Vietnamese painters visit Japan
The Society for International Cultural Relations invites three painters to Japan. Nguyen Nam Son and Luong Xuan Nhi arrive on Jul. 12 and Nguyen Van The on Jul. 19, and stay until Sept. 26. According to a request from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, painter Sekiguchi Shungo serves as a guide.
19438 Sri Lanka
Re-organization of artist groups
Artists who withdraw from the Joseon Artists Association, together with the Joseon Art Alliance, forms the Joseon Artist Alliance on Feb. 23, and then the Joseon Plastic Arts Alliance 28. Both groups, with Josen Sculptors Association, jointly form the Joseon Art League on Nov. 10.
Eight-year War of Resistance Woodcut Exhibition followed by a tour to Japan
The All China Woodcut Association organizes the Eight-year War of Resistance Woodcut Exhibition (Sep. 18–Oct. 3 at Daxin Company Gallery, Shanghai). In total, 860 artworks by 113 artists are exhibited, of which about 200 works are taken on tours around Japan in the next February.
19469.27 North Korea
Chinese Woodcut Exhibition becomes popular
The Chinese Woodcut Exhibition is held (Feb. 19–28 at the Ginza Mitsukoshi Department Store, Tokyo). The exhibition features the works from the Eight-year War of Resistance Woodcut Exhibition that are donated by the All China Woodcut Association to Shimada Masao of the Institute of China-Japan Culture Study. Daily visitors to the exhibition reach approximately 1,200.
19478 North Korea
19479.10 North Korea
The Conference of the All Japan New Woodcut Movements
“The Conference of the All Japan New Woodcut Movements in Commemoration of the 11th Anniversary of the Passing of Mr. Lu Xun” is held in Fukuroda Onsen, Ibaraki. Institute of China-Japan Culture Study organized the event with the support from the Formative Print Association, Kokugakai, Japan Art Association, Council of Workplace Art, Okukuji Print Society, Uchiyama Bookstore, and Daigo Town Board of Education. The Exhibition of Woodcut Festival is also held during the conference.
19488.13 South Korea
19489.9 North Korea
194812.31 South Korea
194911.21 South Korea
National Art Exhibition begins in Seoul
The First National Art Exhibition (Kokuten) is held (Nov. 21–Dec. 11 at Gyeongbokgung Museum, Seoul). This first national exhibition after the liberation is organized by the Korean government. After being interrupted by the Korean War, it resumes in 1953 and continues until the 30th exhibition in 1981.