1950 - 1969Growing Modern Art and Institutions
19506.25 South Korea, North Korea
19508 South Korea
19511.4 South Korea
19513 North Korea
The San Francisco Peace Treaty and Japan–U.S. Security Treaty signed
The San Francisco Peace Treaty and the Japan—U.S. Security Treaty are signed. As they come into effect in April of the following year, the General Headquarters is abolished, and the occupation by the Allied Forces ends, except for the Ryukyu Islands.
19526.4 North Korea
The Bandung Conference (Asia-Africa Conference), held between April 18 and 24 issues the 10-point Declaration on Promotion of World Peace and Cooperation. The participating countries establish the Third World independently from Eastern and Western blocs on the principles of anti-imperialism, anti-colonialism, and self-determination.
Nhan Van-Giai Pham Incident
Nhan Van-Giai Pham Incident occurs. Intellectuals and artists who publish the works that embraces the individual freedom against the guidance by the Communist Party on periodicals such as Nhan Van (Humanities) and Giai Pham (Masterpieces), suffer being arrested, sent to the forced labor or re-education, and deprived of their position at work. Nhan Van is banned in December, which prevents the painter Bui Xuan Phai from exhibiting his works.
The 1st Southeast Asia Art Competition with an exhibition
The 1st Southeast Asia Art Competition is held by the Art Association of the Philippines. The conference is held from Apr. 27 to 30 at the Philippine Women’s University, and the exhibition from Apr. 27 to May 12 at the Northern Motors Showroom.
19575.1 South Korea
Hyundae Fine Artists Association established
Kim Chang-yeul, Ha Indoo, and other artists found the Hyundae (modern) Fine Artists Association and holds their first exhibition from May 1 to 5 at the gallery of United State Information Service, Seoul. They exhibit works influenced by Informel and Abstract Expressionism.
The 1st Young Asian Artists Exhibition
The 1st Young Asian Artists Exhibition is held from November 12 to 17 at the Shibuya Toyoko, Tokyo, by the Japan Cultural Forum. The Fleischmann Prize is given to V. S. Gaitonde and Huang Leisheng and the Stralem Prize to Ramachandra V. Savant, But Mochatar, and Mohammed Kibria.
The Contemporary Philippine Art Exhibition in Japan
The Contemporary Philippine Art Exhibition is held (Mar. 25–Apr. 3 at Bridgestone Museum of Art, Tokyo). The exhibition is organized by the Art Association of the Philippines and Philippine Embassy with the support from the Mainichi Newspapers, the Philippine Society of Japan, and Bridgestone Museum of Art. The exhibition tours to Osaka (Apr 8–13 at Hankyu Department Store).
195810.22 North Korea
195811.28 South Korea
The Cultural Festival of LEKRA
The Cultural Festival of LEKRA is held in the Sriwedari Park, Solo, and President Sukarno attends. This large event includes music, dance, theatrical performances, painting and sculpture exhibitions, and displays of posters, traditional costumes, and musical instruments.
195911.17 North Korea
19604.19 South Korea
196010 South Korea
Demonstrations against the National Exhibition
Kim Daewoo, Kim Myungro, Kim Bongtae, and Kim Jonghak from the 1960 Artists Association hold the outdoor exhibition of Informel works along the wll of Deoksugun, as a demonstration against the National Exhibition. Students of Seoul National Universty also holds Byeok (wall) Art Exhibition at Jeondong Hill.
19611.31 Malasia, Philippines, Thailand
19614 North Korea
19615.16 South Korea
19617.27 North Korea
196210.21 India, China
GANEFO cultural festival visited by Japanese artists
The Culture Festival of the Games of the New Emerging Forces is held (GANEFO, Nov 10–13). Cultural representatives, including Nihon Bijutsu-kai (Japan Art Association), are sent to Indonesia. Art section members include Matsuya Tsutomu, Takidaira Jiro, and Shibuya Sozaburo.
Journal Theater begins publication and introduces international progresive cultures
Qiu Gangjian, Zhuang Ling, and Li Zhishan found the journal Theater (continues until Jan 1, 1968, issue). A group of artists, photographers, and filmmakers dissatisfied with healthy realism and abstract paintings introduce foreign film, theater, and performance.
19654.8 Japan,South Korea,Taiwan,Malaysia,Philippines,Singapore,Thailand
The first exhibition of Asian contemporary art by Cathay
An international art exhibition Contemporary Art in Asia is held by the Cathay Pacific Airways. The exhibition starts in Singapore (Apr. 8–?), and tours to Kuala Lumpur (Apr. 22–25 at the at A.I.A Bldg.), Tokyo (Jul 16–28, at the Keio Department Store, Shinjuku), Fukuoka (Aug. 2–8 at the Shoken Bldg., Tenjin), Osaka (Aug. 13–18 at Sogo Department Store Gallery, Shinsaibashi), Taipei, Bangkok, Jesselton (present-day Kota Kinabalu), Manila, Seoul, Hong Kong, Calcutta (present-day Kolkata).
19656.22 Japan, South Korea
30 September Movement followed by anti-communist massacre
The attempted military coup fails and Suharto gained the power (the 30 September Movement). An outbreak of anti-communist purge causes more than 500,000 deaths. LEKRA is banned and dissolved. Intellectual members of LEKRA are arrested, tortured, imprisoned, and killed.
196611 South Korea
19678.8 Southeast Asia (Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia)
196712.11 South Korea
Joint exhibition of avant-garde art groups, the first performance art conducted
Joint Exhibition of Young Artist Groups is held (Dec. 11–16 at the Central Information Hall, Seoul). It is a joint exhibition by three artists’ groups, Mu (nothing) Group, Origin Fine Arts Association, and Sinjeon (new exhibition) Group. On the 14th, the first art performance Happening) in Korea, Happening with Vynil Umbrella and Candles, is conducted using Choi Boonghyun’s installation work and the script by Oh Gwangsu. The artists also demonstrated to demand the reform of the government’s art policy.
The first exhibition of abstract paintings supressed
Abstract paintings are exhibited for the first time at an exhibition of young artists by the Union of Mongolian Artists, including G. Soosoi, O. Tsevegjav, and P. Baldandorj. The exhibition is immediately shut down by the People’s Revolutionary Party, and the Union leaders are summoned by the party to explain the exhibition of “Capitalist Art.”
19697.21 South Korea
196910 South Korea
Reality group stablished, pioneer of People’s Art
Hyunsil Dong-in (Reality Group) is formed. Their First Manifesto of the Reality Group is written by Kim Jiha and circulated by Oh Yoon, Im Setaek, Oh Gyeonghwan, and Kang Myeonghee, and proofread by art critic Kim Yunsu. The group is one of the origins of Minjung Misul (People’s Art).